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Inverness ( Scottish Gaelic : Baile Inbhir Nis) is a rural community in Inverness County, Nova Scotia. In 2001 its population was 2,496.<

Located on the west coast of Cape Breton Island fronting the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Inverness sits astride a small coal seam which was exploited from the late 19th century to the mid-late 20th century, beginning with a mine opened by William Mackenzie and Donald Mann during the 1890s after they achieved control of the Inverness and Richmond Railway. Several more mines opened in and near Inverness during the early 20th century, but many closed following World War II with the last one closing in the early 1990s following a fire.

The community was incorporated as a town in 1904. It experienced economic hardship since large scale industrial coal mining ended; the local economy is now based mainly on fishing and tourism. Inverness Raceway was established in 1926, and harness races are held twice weekly between May and October.North America's only true links 200-acre (0.81 km) golf course named Cabot Links is located on the former coal mine and over looks beautiful sandy beaches.

The NY Rangers drafted Randy Copley in 1997 (2 round). He is active with the horses too.

Inverness info reproduced from Wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inverness,_Nova_Scotia under the Creative Commons License

Chéticamp is a fishing community on the Cabot Trail on the west coast of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia at the western entrance to Cape Breton Highlands National Park. The downtown area overlooks a large bay, into which the Chéticamp River flows, that is protected from the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Chéticamp Island. Having a number of public facilities it performs a service function for the northernmost part of Inverness County. The community has almost 4,000 residents, a large number of whom are Acadians and speak French natively, as well as English. Together with its smaller neighbour, Saint-Joseph-du-Moine , Chéticamp makes up the largest Francophone enclave on Cape Breton Island. The 2006 population was 3,039 people.

The name "Chéticamp" derives from the name given by the Micmac people, who still live on Cape Breton Island (but not in Chéticamp). The name is Awjátúj (Francis-Smith orthography) in the Micmac language, meaning "rarely full", presumably making reference to the mouth of Chéticamp harbor that once had a large dune that grew during low tide. The name does not always take the acute accent on the e in English (i.e., "Cheticamp").

The French spelling of the town's name went through several variations including Ochatisia (1660), Ochatis (1689), Chétican, Chéticamps (1725) and Chétifcamp (1803). The current spelling appeared for the first time on 3 May 1815, in the writings of the missionary Antoine Manseau. In French, the name has been pronounced successively Le Chady, Le Grand Chady, Le Chady Grand, Île de Chedegan and finally, the current version, Chatican. Chéticamp is usually pronounced phonetically in French outside of the area.

A village in western Nova Scotia, Saint Alphonse de Clare, was originally called Chéticamp de Clare. Its name was changed to avoid confusion for postal delivery.

History

Chéticamp was a fishing station used during the summer months by Charles Robin, a merchant from the island of Jersey, and is considered one of the Acadian capitals of the world. In the years following the Great Expulsion, many Acadians came to this area. The first permanent settlers following that era were the families of Pierre Bois and Joseph Richard, who arrived in 1782, although both brothers John and Paul Chiasson along with many other French settlers like the AuCoin family were believed to have predated Bois, Richard and Robin by over 100 years. Chiasson is looked at today as the oldest family name on record in the town. Many of the original family names still reside in and around the small town. They, like all the original founding family names of Cheticamp, can be found chiseled in stone in the town still to this day. Settlement was formally established in 1785 by a grant of land to the 14 original settlers. Today Chéticamp, which is at the entrance of the Cape Breton Highlands National Park, is a popular tourist spot.


Fishing boats at Chéticamp.

Economy

Apart from an important gypsum mine which operated off and on until the Second World War, the main industry in Chéticamp historically has been fishing. As fish quotas have declined, tourism has taken on more importance and is the largest industry at this time.

The tourism industry is based on the scenery found in the coastal village at the entrance of the Cape Breton Highlands National Park. Chéticamp has also marketed its traditional rug hookers ("tapis hookers"), Acadian music and food. Activities for visitors include whale watching. They also host an International Dance Festival, and La fête nationale de l'Acadie (August 15).

Tourist attractions

The local beach named La Plage St. Pierre gives the locals as well as tourists a place for swimming, camping, and other recreational activities. The Northern Inverness Recreational Association also manages the local golf course. It's considered part of "Cape Breton's Fabulous Foursome" and is renowned for the beautiful views and many rabbits.

Chéticamp extends itself for four kilometres along the Cabot Trail. One kilometre northeast is Petit Étang, then further east is La Prairie. South of La Prairie is Le Platin and Belle-Marche. Even further south is Pointe-à-la-Croix (Point Cross). From Main street Chéticamp, you can view the typical Chéticamp houses. Saint Peter's is unique and rich in Acadian history.

The Université Sainte-Anne has a campus in Saint-Joseph-du-Moine. Many fisherman travel from Chéticamp to the Magdalen Islands, which are also Acadian, even though they are part of Quebec. Joe's Scarecrow Village is a roadside attraction featuring a display of scarecrows located just outside of Chéticamp.

Chéticamp info reproduced from Wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheticamp,_Nova_Scotia under the Creative Commons License

Inverness Area Map

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